"The new Avangard system is impervious to current and future air defense and missile defense systems of a potential enemy", he noted.
It was launched from southwest Russian Federation and successfully hit and destroyed a target 3,700 miles (5,954km) away in the country's far east, he said.
He said deployment of the glide vehicle, called Avangard and launched from intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), will begin next year.
Russian Federation touted Thursday a new hypersonic missile said to hit speeds of more than 30,000 kilometers per hour, amid heightened tension with the USA over arms control.
Putin remotely observed Wednesday's test from a Russian defence ministry building in Moscow. The Kremlin said it successfully hit a practice target on the Kura shooting range on Kamchatka, 6000 kilometres away. "He says the Trump administration's plan to scrap a treaty on medium-range missiles could lead to a new arms race".
After being launched by a rocket, a vehicle carrying a potentially nuclear payload detaches and glides back to earth at hypersonic speeds.
Yet Avangard-type platforms do enable Russian Federation and China (which is also actively developing its own hypersonic reentry vehicle system) to threaten the U.S.in other areas.Over the next decade expect Moscow and Beijing to use their existing hypersonic technology to develop greater non-nuclear standoff strike capabilities against key USA assets such as major military command headquarters or aircraft carriers.
"This is a major event in the life of the armed forces and, perhaps, in the life of the country", Putin told his cabinet ministers in televised remarks Wednesday.
That speed, in conjunction with the platform's controlled maneuverability during its descent, makes the missile just about indefensible utilizing existing missile defense systems employed by the United States (or any other country for that matter).
The United States is also working on hypersonic missiles, some of them launched from airplanes, although USA officials have warned in recent months that the efforts lag behind those of potential adversaries.