Putin made the claims Thursday during the Valdai forum in the Black Sea resort city of Sochi, saying IS had taken 700 people from a displaced persons camp near Deir el-Zour in an area controlled by USA -backed forces.
Putin also claims the ISIS terrorists have executed some of the captives and are planning to kill more unless their demands are met.
The Russian leader says the jihadist army took the hostages, which allegedly include several American and European citizens, during a raid on a village controlled by US-backed forces.
"Across two administrations, the United States and our allies have attempted to bring Russian Federation back into full and verifiable compliance with INF", a senior administration official told reporters in Washington on October 19.
TASS said the group had kidnapped around 130 families and taken them to the city of Hajin.
The source noted that the failure of the Syrian Democratic Forces is due to multiple mistakes made United States military coordinating the operation.
Es'haq Al-e-Habib, the Iranian deputy ambassador to the United Nations, said on Wednesday that the USA must withdraw from Syria and stop supporting terrorism.
ISIS has lost a lot of control in Syria and Iraq over the past two years so they have resorted to attacking civilians to show that they are still effective, the Observatory said. His first stop is Moscow to meet with senior Russian officials at a time when Moscow-Washington relations remain frosty over the Ukrainian crisis, the war in Syria and allegations of Russian meddling in the 2016 presidential race and upcoming US midterm elections.
Commander Sean Robertson, a Pentagon spokesman, said they have not received any proof of the large number of hostages.
Russian Federation is a key backer of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who has long sought to characterise his brutal crackdown on opposition groups as a fight against jihadists. "We are also unaware of any USA nationals located in that camp".
During his visit to Moscow, Bolton is also expected to broach other major topics with Russian officials, including North Korea, Ukraine, and Syria.
The weapons were given after it was reported Assad aims to increase his regional allies.