Nigeria's malaria prevalence rate still high - Entomologist

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World Health Organization figures from a year ago showed PNG had halved the incidence of malaria since 2004, but recently the disease had been on the rise.

It is intended as an energising call to arms for organisations the world over to drive towards one shared goal of a malaria-free world. After an unprecedented period of success in malaria control, progress has stalled. Infants under 5 years are particularly at risk, and malaria takes the life of a child every two minutes.

Okeke is anxious that Insecticide treated mosquito nets embraced by donor agencies and most developed countries as a tested solution in the fight against malaria is still been scorned by Nigeria and other Africans countries. Almost half the world's population still contracts it every year.

"Long lasting insecticide nets is one of the interventions which has prevented a lot of children and pregnant women from contracting malaria".

Since 2000, malaria prevention has played an important role in reducing cases and deaths, primarily through the scale up of insecticide-treated nets and indoor spraying with insecticides.

Spokesperson Neil Shikwambana said the department had deployed 42 teams across the province to help reduce the number of malaria cases.

The disease is caused by the Plasmodium parasites, which is spread to people through the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito, also known as malaria vectors.

"Malaria is bad for business", AfDB president Akinwumi Adesina told the African Leaders Malaria Alliance, a coalition of 49 African Heads of State and governments that was established in 2009 to eliminate malaria by 2030, during the African Union Summit in January.

The MalaFa report said malaria remains a major public health concern in Nigeria with about 76% of the population at risk.

Just under 500,000 people died from malaria in 2016, proving how much work is still to be done to eradicate this disease.

Malaria Futures for Africa (MalaFa), an global health organisation has said that Nigeria may not meet the 2030 target by Africa to eliminate malaria.

Malaria cases are highest in countries classified by the World Bank as low-to-middle income nations, including countries in the WHO Africa region, which carries 90 per cent of the global malaria burden, and the WHO South East region, which carries seven per cent of global malaria burden.

"Resistance to treatment presents the biggest threat to the incredible progress that has been made in the fight against malaria in the past 20 years".