It comes after Britain enforced its decision expel 23 Russian diplomats over accusations of being responsible for the poisoning of a former double agent and his daughter.
Mr Turnbull and Ms Bishop said the United Kingdom government advised Australia the substance used in the attack was a military-grade nerve agent of a type developed by Russian Federation.
President Donald Trump could decide as soon as Monday whether to take the National Security Council's recommendation to expel a group of Russian diplomats from the U.S. in response to the poisonings of a former Russian double agent and his daughter in England, a source with knowledge of the situation told CNN.
The Russian Foreign Ministry said in turn this unfriendly step would not go unanswered.
White House spokesman Raj Shah said Washington was considering its options but did not provide details.
Some media reported earlier citing OPCW Director General Ahmet Uzumcu that the organization would share the results of the analysis of an agent Skripal and his daughter had been exposed to.
"The leaders agreed that it was important to send a strong European message in response to Russia's actions", says the statement of the British spokesperson.
Trump called Putin to congratulate him after he won his fourth presidential term last Sunday despite warnings from his national security advisers and also defended it saying it was a "good thing".
The assault stoked British rage over what UK Prime Minister Theresa May called "a brazen attempt to murder innocent civilians on our soil".
The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons may share the results of the analysis of the substance that was used to poison ex-spy Sergei Skripal with Russian Federation after the the United Kingdom when the procedures are finalized in the next 2-3 weeks, OPCW Director-General Ahmet Uzumcu said Tuesday.